Tag Archives: Urology

Is klebsiella a typical pathogen associated with emphysematous cystitis?

Bottom line:  Klebsiella pneumonia is one of the gas-forming organisms most frequently associated with emphysematous cystitis. Summary:  Amano M, Shimizu T.  Emphysematous cystitis: a review of the literature.  Intern Med. 2014;53(2):79-82. Emphysematous cystitis is a rare disease where microbes form … Continue reading

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What are the common exam findings in patients with orchitis?

See Orchitis.  In:  Atlas of Emergency Medicine (AccessMedicine) for list of findings and how to differentiate mumps orchitis from testicular torsion.  

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What is interstitial cystitis?

Bottom line:   Painful bladder syndrome/interstitial cystitis, is characterized by bladder pain, urinary frequency, urgency and nocturia (International Incontinence Society.)   The etiology is unknown and management is difficult. Summary:  Kelada E, Jones A. Interstitial cystitis. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2007 Apr;275(4):223-9.

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Review of BCG for treatment of bladder cancer

Overview:  Smaldone MC, et al.  Investigational therapies for non-muscle invasive bladder cancer.  Expert Opin Investig Drugs. 2010 Mar;19(3):371-83.  Systematic review:  Shang PF, et al. Intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guérin versus epirubicin for Ta and T1 bladder cancer.  Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011 … Continue reading

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