EUH Krakow Conference: What are risk factors for cryptococcus gattii?

The Bottom Line:  The risk factors for acquiring cryptococcus gattii are:

  • Age > 50 years
  • History of smoking
  • Corticosteroid use
  • HIV infection
  • History of cancer
  • History of chronic lung disease

 

References: MacDougall L, Murray F, Romney M, Starr M, et al. Risk factors for Cryptococcus gattii infection, British Columbia, Canada. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011 Feb;17(2):193-199. Doi:10.3201/eid1702.101020

Bartlett KH, Cheng PY, Duncan C, Galanis E, et al. A decade of experience: Cryptococcus gattii in British Columbia. Mycopathologia. 2012 Jun;173(5-6):311-9. Doi:10.1007/s11046-011-9475-x.

Summary: Cryptococcus gattii is commonly believed to infect those with healthy immune systems, yet several immunosuppressive and pulmonary conditions seem to be risk factors (MacDougall et al, 2011).

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