Category Archives: Background question

EUH Hunt Conference: A review of Horner syndrome

The Bottom Line: Horner syndrome results from an interruption of sympathetic innervation to the eye. The classic triad is unilateral ptosis (slight narrowing of the ocular fissure), miosis (smaller pupil on the affected side), and anhidrosis (lack of perspiration on the … Continue reading

Posted in Background question, Diagnosis, EUH, Teaching pearls

EUH Dressler Conference: A review of cardiac sarcoidosis

The Bottom Line: Cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) is the cardiac manifestations of sarcoidosis, a systemic disease of unknown cause characterized by immune granulomas. Cardiac involvement is clinically apparent in 5% of patients with sarcoidosis, but detected in approximately 20% of white and … Continue reading

Posted in Background question, EUH

EUH Krakow Conference: Review of Kikuchi-Fujimoto Disease

Bottom line: “Kikuchi–Fujimoto disease, or Kikuchi’s disease, also known as histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, is a rare, benign, self‐limiting condition characterized by cervical lymphadenopathy and fever….symptoms usually resolve spontaneously within 1–4 months. However, cervical lymphadenopathy can persist for up to 6 months … Continue reading

Posted in Background question, EUH, Therapy

EUH Krakow Conference: Review of Lemierre’s Syndrome

Bottom Line: Vijay and Fattah1 state that Lemierre’s syndrome typically presents in young adults who were previously healthy. In a case series of 222 patients who fit the “Lemierre’s syndrome case presentation, the median age was 19 years and 89% of … Continue reading

Posted in Background question, Diagnosis, EUH, Therapy | Tagged

EUH Morning Report: Review of microscopic colitis

Bottom Line: “Microscopic colitis is a common cause of chronic watery diarrhea, particularly in the elderly. The accompanying symptoms, which include abdominal pain and fatigue, can markedly impair patients’ quality of life. Diagnosis is based upon characteristic histologic findings of … Continue reading

Posted in Background question, Diagnosis, Therapy

EUH Dressler Case Conference: Review of cardiac sarcoidosis

Bottom Line: Increased awareness and diagnostic techniques are the primary reasons for the exponential increase in the prevalence of cardiac sarcoidosis during the last decade. More evidence is needed to determine optimal management. First-line treatment is corticosteroids; authors recommend also using … Continue reading

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EUH Hunt Conference: Review of Meigs’ Syndrome

Bottom Line: Meigs’ syndrome is also known as Meigs syndrome or Demons-Meigs syndrome. It is characterized by a triad of ascites, pleural effusion, and benign ovarian fibroma, which is a rare triad. “Meigs syndrome…is a diagnosis of exclusion only after ovarian carcinoma … Continue reading

Posted in Background question, EUH, Prognosis, Therapy | Tagged ,