Category Archives: Background question

EUH Morning Report: Review of type 1 vs type 2 hepatorenal syndrome

The Bottom Line: Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is functional renal impairment in patients with advanced liver disease and without evidence of renal parenchymal disease, severe volume loss, or nephrotoxicity from medication. type 1 hepatorenal syndrome rapid decline in renal function doubling of serum … Continue reading

Posted in Background question, EUH, Morning Report

EUH Morning Report: What is Sister Mary Joseph’s nodule?

The Bottom Line: Sister Mary Joseph’s nodule is a metastatic cancer of the umbilicus that is typically associated with adult cancers of the gastrointestinal tract and ovary (Albano and Kanter, 2005). It is a rare but important physical finding and … Continue reading

Posted in Background question, EUH, Teaching pearls | Tagged

EUH Hunt Conference: What is the history of hand, foot, mouth disease in adults?

The Bottom Line: Most commonly diagnosed in children, hand, foot, mouth disease (HFMD) infects approximately 11% of exposed adults, and less than 1% of those infected experience clinical manifestations of the disease (Ramirez-Fort et al, 2014). Most cases resolve on … Continue reading

Posted in Background question, EUH

EUH Hunt Conference: A review of Horner syndrome

The Bottom Line: Horner syndrome results from an interruption of sympathetic innervation to the eye. The classic triad is unilateral ptosis (slight narrowing of the ocular fissure), miosis (smaller pupil on the affected side), and anhidrosis (lack of perspiration on the … Continue reading

Posted in Background question, Diagnosis, EUH, Teaching pearls

EUH Dressler Conference: A review of cardiac sarcoidosis

The Bottom Line: Cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) is the cardiac manifestations of sarcoidosis, a systemic disease of unknown cause characterized by immune granulomas. Cardiac involvement is clinically apparent in 5% of patients with sarcoidosis, but detected in approximately 20% of white and … Continue reading

Posted in Background question, EUH

EUH Krakow Conference: Review of Kikuchi-Fujimoto Disease

Bottom line: “Kikuchi–Fujimoto disease, or Kikuchi’s disease, also known as histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, is a rare, benign, self‐limiting condition characterized by cervical lymphadenopathy and fever….symptoms usually resolve spontaneously within 1–4 months. However, cervical lymphadenopathy can persist for up to 6 months … Continue reading

Posted in Background question, EUH, Therapy

EUH Krakow Conference: Review of Lemierre’s Syndrome

Bottom Line: Vijay and Fattah1 state that Lemierre’s syndrome typically presents in young adults who were previously healthy. In a case series of 222 patients who fit the “Lemierre’s syndrome case presentation, the median age was 19 years and 89% of … Continue reading

Posted in Background question, Diagnosis, EUH, Therapy | Tagged