Author Archives: Hannah

EUH Hunt Conference: What is the prognosis for adenocarcinoma of the lung?

The Bottom Line: There is an overall survival rate of less than 5 years. Stage I: 68-92% Stage II: 53-60% Stage III: 13-36% Stage IV: 0-10% Reference: DynaMed Plus [Internet]. Ipswich (MA): EBSCO Information Services. 1995 – . Record No. 114774, Non-small … Continue reading

Posted in EUH, Prognosis, Teaching pearls

EUH Hunt Conference: A review of Horner syndrome

The Bottom Line: Horner syndrome results from an interruption of sympathetic innervation to the eye. The classic triad is unilateral ptosis (slight narrowing of the ocular fissure), miosis (smaller pupil on the affected side), and anhidrosis (lack of perspiration on the … Continue reading

Posted in Background question, Diagnosis, EUH, Teaching pearls

EUH Hunt Conference: What is the prognosis for patients with HIV-negative PCNSL?

The Bottom Line: Patients diagnosed with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) who are HIV-negative have a higher prognosis compared to those with PCNSL who are HIV-positive. While the median survival range is from 10-20 months for HIV-positive PCNSL patients, there … Continue reading

Posted in EUH, Prognosis

EUH Dressler Conference: A review of cardiac sarcoidosis

The Bottom Line: Cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) is the cardiac manifestations of sarcoidosis, a systemic disease of unknown cause characterized by immune granulomas. Cardiac involvement is clinically apparent in 5% of patients with sarcoidosis, but detected in approximately 20% of white and … Continue reading

Posted in Background question, EUH

EUH Hunt Conference: What is the diagnostic workup of cardiac sarcoidosis?

The Bottom Line: Cardiac sarcoidosis has varied presentations depending on the extent and location of cardiac granulomas. Patients may have AV block, heart failure, or sudden cardiac death. The disease should be considered especially in young or middle-aged women who present … Continue reading

Posted in Diagnosis, EUH

EUH Hunt Conference: What is the sensitivity/specificity of ACE levels in cardiac sarcoidosis?

The Bottom Line:  Serum levels of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) can be helpful in the diagnosis of sarcoidosis. However, the test has somewhat low sensitivity and specificity. Elevated levels of ACE are reported in 60% of patients with acute disease and only … Continue reading

Posted in Diagnosis, EUH

EUH Krakow Conference: What is the diagnosis and treatment for complement-mediated thrombotic microangiopathy?

The Bottom Line: The clinical presentation of thrombotic microangtiopathy (TMA) reflects hemolysis and ischemic organ dysfunction, and depends on the underlying disease etiology. AKI is a common manifestation of TMAs although it is rarely a severe feature of TTP. The initial … Continue reading

Posted in Diagnosis, EUH, Therapy