The Bottom Line: Hepatorenal syndrome is defined as a functional renal failure in patients with liver disease with portal hypertension and it constitutes the climax of systemic circulatory changes associated with portal hypertension
Lata, Jan. “Hepatorenal syndrome.” World Journal of Gastroenterology 18.36 (2012):4978-4984.
HRS occurs almost exclusively in patients with ascites. The occurrence probability in patients having an ascites for more than 5 years reaches 40%. Besides the abovementioned laboratory prognostic factors, ascitic patients with a small liver, oesophageal varicose veins and an unbalanced diet have a higher risk of HRS incidence.
Table 1 New diagnostic criteria of hepatorenal syndrome Page 4980