Bottom line: Most cases of acute pancreatitis in the United States are associated with alcohol use or biliary tract disease, but in ~2% of cases associated with infection, CMV can be the causative agent.
Summary: Berger H, et al. (ed.) Pancreas: an integrated textbook of basic science, medicine and surgery, Blackwell, 2008. (In EUH Branch)
Entry for acute pancreatitis in DynaMed Plus.
Incidence of acute pancreatitis from infection is assumed to be less than 2%. Most recent epidemiologic studies of infectious agents associated with acute pancreatitis were published in the 1990s. Parenti et al. wrote a review of cases reports on the incidence of various infectious agents associated with pancreatitis (Parenti, DM, et al. Pancreas. 1996;13(4):356 -371). Of the 32 cases in the literature, 7 reported CMV infection as the causative agent. Four of the patients were renal transplant recipients and one had HIV infection.