What are the essential criteria for a positive diagnosis of Behcet’s disease?

The Bottom Line: See Table 1 for specific diagnostic indicators.

Reference: Kokturk A.  Clinical and Pathological Manifestations with Differential Diagnosis in Behçet’s Disease. Patholog Res Int. 2012;2012:690390. Epub 2011 Nov 28. 

Summary: At the beginning of the disease the diagnosis is uncertain because of various clinical manifestations and a long period up to the full clinical picture manifestation. Since neither the laboratory data nor the histopathological signs are truly pathognomonic in Behçet’s disease, the differential diagnosis depends on a careful evaluation of the medical history and meticulous physical examination to detect concomitant systemic manifestations. Sometimes, some laboratory test may help establish the diagnosis. Subspecialty referral to ophthalmology, rheumatology, neurology, and gastroenterology should be considered when indicated.

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