Does heart transplantation increase the risk of aortic dissection?

The Bottom line: Although extremely rare, Aortic dissection has been reported after renal and heart transplantation. The rate varies between 1–2%

Schellemans, C Acute type A aortic dissection in a cardiac allograft recipient: case report and review of the literature. Heart 2004 vol:90 iss:11 pg:1256 -1258

For end stage heart failure unresponsive to standard treatment, transplantation has become a highly successful option. Satisfactory 7 year survival is achieved with rates exceeding 74%.

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