What is the distinction between diabetic ketoacidosis and the hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state?

Diagnosis and treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis and the hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state.  CMAJ 2003 Apr 1;168(7):859-66.

Tables with comparisons:

Table 1: Typical water and serum electrolyte deficits at presentation of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and the hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) : Page 861

Table 2: Laboratory diagnostic criteria for DKA and HHS: Page 862

Table 3: Other biochemical abnormalities associated with DKA and HHS: Page 863

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