Gary Rachelefsky, D. Kyle Hogarth. Issues in the diagnosis of [alpha]1-antitrypsin deficiency, J Allergy Clin Immun. April 2008;121:833-838.
Kohnlein T, Welte T. Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency: pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment. American J Med. 2008;121: 3-9.
Article on hepatic involvement in pulmonary diseases (AT deficiency, sarcoidosis):
Layden TJ, et al. Hepatic manifestations of pulmonary diseases. Clinics in Liver Disease. 2002;6:969-979.
Review on hepatopulmonary syndrome:
Hepatopulmonary syndrome–a liver-induced lung vascular disorder. N Engl J Med. 2008 May 29;358:2378-87.
The hepatopulmonary syndrome. N Engl J Med. 2008 Aug 21;359:866-867.